WAEC Geography Syllabus for SSCE and GCE 2021

Download WAEC Geography Syllabus for SSCE and GCE 2021. This WAEC Syllabus should serve as your guide for tackling WAEC questions in Geography.

With this syllabus, you will therefore know exactly which topics to read before preparing for your exams.

In the hopes to boost students performance, this syllabus should suffice to avoid inadequate coverage of syllabus and non-familiarity with the test format

What is WAEC?

The West African Examinations Council (WAEC) is an examination board established by law to determine the examinations required in the public interest in the English-speaking West African countries, to conduct the examinations and to award certificates comparable to those of equivalent examining authorities internationally.

It is similar to the Cameroon GCE Board or the Uganda National Examination Board (UNEB).

 The WAEC was established in 1952 and has contributed to education in Anglophonic countries of West Africa (Ghana, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Gambia), with the number of examinations they have coordinated, and certificates they have issued.

They also formed an endowment fund, to contribute to education in West Africa, through lectures, and aid to those who cannot afford education.

The council conducts four different categories of examinations which are;

  • International Examinations,
  • National Examinations,
  • Examinations conducted in collaboration with other examining bodies,
  • and Examinations conducted on behalf of other examining bodies.

 The International exams are exams taken in the five countries with the WAEC ordinance. It consists of WASSCE (West African Senior School Certificate Examination):


The National examinations are taken in individual countries. They include:

  • the Junior Secondary School Certificate for Nigeria and the Gambia,
  • Junior and Senior High School Certificate Examinations for Liberia,
  • National Primary School and Basic Education Certificate Examinations for Sierra Leone,
  • Basic Education Certificate Examinations for Ghana, and
  • Senior School Certificate Examinations for Ghana.

The council also coordinates examinations in collaboration with some trustworthy examination bodies. These include:

The council also conducts examination in West Africa on behalf of international examination bodies. These include:

  • University of London GCE
  • Scholastic Aptitude Test and Graduate Record Examinations for Educational Testing Service, Princeton, USA, and
  • JAMB (Joint Admissions and Matriculations Board) examination in countries outside Nigeria.

Geography WAEC Syllabus

WAEC Geography Syllabus for SSCE and GCE 2021

What next? Check out these Short lesson notes


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