Cameroon, on the Gulf of Guinea, is a Central African country of varied terrain and wildlife. Its inland capital, Yaoundé, and its biggest city, the seaport Douala, are transit points to ecotourism sites as well as beach resorts like Kribi – near the Chutes de la Lobé waterfalls, which plunge directly into the sea – and Limbe, where the Limbe Wildlife Centre houses rescued primates.
- Capital: Yaoundé
- President: Paul Biya
- Population: 26.55 million (2020) World Bank
- Currency: Central African CFA franc
- Prime minister: Joseph Ngute
Cameroon is triangular in shape and is bordered by Nigeria to the northwest, Chad to the northeast, the Central African Republic to the east, the Republic of the Congo to the southeast, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest.
The climate in Cameroon is very warm, with an annual average of 31 degrees, but has few truly tropical and sultry months. It is yearlong warm or hot. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is the Far North. The coldest is West.
Cameroon’s culture consists of numerous religions including Christianity (about 69%), Islam (about 21%), and many other indigenous religions. The citizens of Cameroon are entitled to freedom of religion, as it is stated within their constitution.
Cameroon is a lower-middle-income country with a population of over 25 million (2019). Its cities with the largest populations are Douala on the Wouri River, its economic capital and main seaport; Yaoundé, its political capital; and Garoua. Cameroon is well known for its native music styles, particularly Makossa and Bikutsi, and for its successful national football team.
The Cameroonian passport is issued to citizens of Cameroon for international travel. As a member of the Central African Monetary Zone, Cameroonian passports are engraved with a CEMAC symbol on the cover page. Holders of Cameroonian passports can travel to other CEMAC countries without any visa.